Visiting Birmingham Civil Rights Institute, Museum in Birmingham, Alabama, United States



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Birmingham Civil Rights Institute is a large interpretive museum and research center in Birmingham, Alabama that depicts the struggles of the Civil Rights Movement in the 1950s and 1960s.

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American civil religion | Wikipedia audio article



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This is an audio version of the Wikipedia Article:
American civil religion

Listening is a more natural way of learning, when compared to reading. Written language only began at around 3200 BC, but spoken language has existed long ago.

Learning by listening is a great way to:
– increases imagination and understanding
– improves your listening skills
– improves your own spoken accent
– learn while on the move
– reduce eye strain

Now learn the vast amount of general knowledge available on Wikipedia through audio (audio article). You could even learn subconsciously by playing the audio while you are sleeping! If you are planning to listen a lot, you could try using a bone conduction headphone, or a standard speaker instead of an earphone.

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“The only true wisdom is in knowing you know nothing.”
– Socrates

SUMMARY
=======
American civil religion is a sociological theory that a nonsectarian quasi-religious faith exists within the United States with sacred symbols drawn from national history. Scholars have portrayed it as a cohesive force, a common set of values that foster social and cultural integration. The very heavy emphasis on nondenominational religious themes is quite distinctively American and the theory is designed to explain this. The concept goes back to the 19th century, but in current form, the theory was developed by sociologist Robert Bellah in 1967 in his article, “Civil Religion in America”. The topic soon became the major focus at religious sociology conferences and numerous articles and books were written on the subject. The debate reached its peak with the American Bicentennial celebration in 1976. There is a viewpoint that some Americans have come to see the document of the United States Constitution, along with the Declaration of Independence and the Bill of Rights as cornerstones of a type of civic or civil religion or political religion. Political sociologist Anthony Squiers argues that these texts act as the sacred writ of the American civil religion because they are used as authoritative symbols in what he calls the politics of the sacred. The Politics of the Sacred, according to Squiers are “the attempt to define and dictate what is in accord with the civil religious sacred and what is not. It is a battle to define what can and cannot be and what should and should not be tolerated and accepted in the community, based on its relation to that which is sacred for that community.”According to Bellah, Americans embrace a common “civil religion” with certain fundamental beliefs, values, holidays, and rituals, parallel to, or independent of, their chosen religion. Presidents have often served in central roles in civil religion, and the nation provides quasi-religious honors to its martyrs—such as Abraham Lincoln and the soldiers killed in the American Civil War. Historians have noted presidential level use of civil religion rhetoric in profoundly moving episodes such as World War II, the Civil Rights Movement, and the September 11th attacks.In a survey of more than fifty years of American civil religion scholarship, Squiers identifies fourteen principal tenets of the American civil religion:

Filial piety
Reference to certain sacred texts and symbols of the ACR (The Constitution, The Declaration of independence, the flag, etc.)
The sanctity of American institutions
The belief in God or a deity
The idea that rights are divinely given
The notion that freedom comes from God through government
Governmental authority comes from God or a higher transcendent authority
The conviction that God can be known through the American experience
God is the supreme judge
God is sovereign
America’s prosperity results from God’s providence
America is a ‘city on a hill’ or a beacon of hope and righteousness
The principle of sacrificial death and rebirth
America serves a higher purpose than self-interestsIn an examination of over fifty years of political discourse, Squiers finds that Filial piety, Reference to certain sacred texts and symbols of the ACR, The belief in God or a deity, America is a ‘city on a hill’ or a beacon of hope and righteousness, and America serves a higher purpose than self-interests are the most frequently referenced. He further found that there are no statistically significant differences in the amount of American civil religious language between Democrats and Republicans, incumbents and non-incumbents nor Presidential and Vice-Presidential candidates.This belief system has historically been used to reject nonconformist ideas and groups. Theorists such as Bellah hold that American civil religion can perform the religious functions of integration, legitimation, and prophecy, while other theorists, such as Richard Fenn, disagree.

He Recalls The Black Church In The Civil Rights Movement



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Lawrence Goyot was a great civil rights leader and back in 1964, an activist in Mississippi helping Black Americans to fill out all the forms so they could get the right to vote. I will be posting other clips from his interview, done by me in 1989, as a part of my 6 part PBS television series, Making Sense Of The Sixties. Back in the mid-sixties I did several films on the civil rights movement and found the black church totally supportive and many white churches equally supportive.

The Civil Rights Movement in Birmingham, Alabama



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The civil rights movement that occurred in Birmingham, Alabama involved a very interesting, sad, and hopeful history of events. From the bombings to the violent acts of racism and segregation, the actions that took place in Birmingham, AL led to the passing of the Civil Rights Act of the 1960s. Learn more in this video!
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Birmingham Civil Rights Institute:
Sixth Avenue Baptist Church:
Birmingham Civil Rights National Monument:
Kelly Ingram Park:
Freedom Riders:
Freedom Riders Park:

Hopefully you learned about the civil rights movement of the 1960s that went down in the south in Birmingham, Alabama. We have a lot to learn from our history. Luckily we have museums like the Birmingham Civil Rights Institute, which keeps this history alive to learn from it. The racism and segregation in Birmingham was so violent that it was nicknamed “bombingham” because of the bombs that targets communities of people of color. Please look at the links for more information on the civil rights stops to see in Birmingham, Alabama.

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Civil Rights History in DeSoto County Mississippi



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Since the late 1700’s, the church has historically been a great source of inspiration for generations of African-Americans in DeSoto County, Mississippi. The church could open many doors and one of those doors was education. Hence, the creation of the Baptist Industrial College in Hernando, Mississippi. The Civil Rights movement didn’t start in DeSoto County, though it certainly became a memorable stop along the way as James Meredith was shot here while leading a freedom march from Memphis to Jackson, MS. The shot was literally heard around the world when it was featured on the cover of Life magazine.

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CopWATCH DOWTOWN BAKERSFIELD 1st amendment audit civil rights movement news



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Troops guard civil rights marchers in the Freedom March in Montgomery, Alabama. HD Stock Footage



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Troops guard civil rights marchers in the Freedom March in Montgomery, Alabama.

View of the Freedom March from Selma to Montgomery in Alabama, United States. Marchers march under a Federal Court Order and with the protection of the federalized National Guard units and regular troops. Civil rights leader Dr. Martin Luther King addressing the 3200 marchers before it starts. View of the marchers walking on the Edmund Pettus Bridge. Dr. King and fellow leaders marching with the crowd. Group setting up camp on grounds of an African American farmer near New Sister Springs Baptist Church. A helicopter circles overhead. Location: Selma Alabama. Date: March 22, 1965.

Visit us at www.CriticalPast.com:
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ch 10) The Other Civil War



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chapter 10: A People’s History (Of The United States) Howard Zinn.
~
Chapter 10, “The Other Civil War”, covers the Anti-Rent movement, the Dorr Rebellion, the Flour Riot of 1837, the Molly Maguires, the rise of labor unions, the Lowell girls movement, and other class struggles centered around the various depressions of the 19th century. He describes the abuse of government power by corporations and the efforts by workers to resist those abuses.

20. Constitutional Revolution and Civil War, 1640-1646



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Early Modern England: Politics, Religion, and Society under the Tudors and Stuarts (HIST 251)

Professor Wrightson begins his examination of the major events of the English Civil Wars which culminated ultimately with the defeat of the royalist forces and the execution of King Charles I in 1649. He describes how Charles was forced to end his personal rule and call a parliament in 1640 in order to defend England against invading Scottish armies. The events of the Short Parliament and the first sessions of the Long Parliament are examined, culminating in the outbreak of war in 1642. The composition of both royalist and parliamentarian support is discussed, followed by the war aims and strategies of the two sides and the campaigns and politics of 1642-44, leading eventually to the formation of the New Model Army under the leadership of Sir Thomas Fairfax and Oliver Cromwell. He concludes with the victory of parliamentary forces in 1645-1646.

00:00 – Chapter 1. Reemergence of Parliament
12:12 – Chapter 2. Rebellion in Ireland
14:49 – Chapter 3. Civil War: Foundations
20:52 – Chapter 4. War Begins
33:02 – Chapter 5. War Continues
47:41 – Chapter 6. Struggle Ends, for a Time

Complete course materials are available at the Open Yale Courses website:

This course was recorded in Fall 2009.

Dr.Asriel McLain, Shreveport Civil Rights Icon



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The North Louisiana Civil Rights Coalition presents the student screening of the powerful documentary, “Beyond Galilee” Dr.Asriel McLain, civil rights icon and his message to the high school students at Booker T. Washington High School, Shreveport, Louisiana.

Civil Rights – 50 Years Later in Huntsville Alabama (Full Version)



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Huntsville Civil Rights – 50 Years Later: Local civil rights activists discuss their experiences during the 1960’s civil rights struggle in Huntsville, Alabama.
Note: This is the full presentation
Speakers Included:
Dr. Sonnie W. Hereford, III
Earl Jordan
Beaulah Toney
Rev. James Steels
Iranett Hawkins
Janice Marsh
Michael David Smith
Teresa Novle
Wylne Toney-McCrary
Shirley Bush-Parker
Ollye Conley

CIVIL RIGHTS PIONEER CLAUDETTE COLVIN RETURNS!



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On Sunday, March 2, 2014, the People’s Organization for Progress and the Bethany Baptist Church Book Club hosted civil rights pioneer Claudette Colvin to launch Women’s History Month!

This special event took place at Bethany Baptist Church, in Newark, New Jersey.

The event actually marks the 59th anniversary of Colvin, then a teenager, being the first to face arrest to protest segregated busing in Montgomery, Alabama!

“We are extremely proud and honored to have Ms. Colvin back with us,” said a humbled and much delighted Lawrence Hamm, P.O.P.’s founding chairman.

It was Colvin’s case that actually made it into the federal courts that ultimately overturned segregated busing in Alabama!

Colvin’s critically acclaimed biography, Twice Towards Justice, is being spotlighted by the Bethany Baptist Book Club…