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50 States Album: A 50-song album covering the basic history, geography, and economic structure of each state in the U.S.
A seeker of gold said Nuevo Mexico
Spanish settled for more than 100 years ’till revolution by the Pueblo
When de Vargas died, New Spain took back control
129 years, Spanish settlements continued to grow
Louisiana Purchase bought our top from France
Then in 1821 we went with Mexico and their independence
But war with America lost them some land
New Mexico, part of which Texas claimed,
Under the circumstance
Explanation of the 1st Verse:
In 1563 Francisco de Ibarra, a Spanish explorer and seeker of gold, visited the land of New Mexico (NM) and called it “Nuevo Mexico.” The name was officially established in 1598.
The Pueblo, Apache and Navajo all were inhabitants in NM when the Europeans arrived in the 16th century. In 1680 the Pueblo revolted against the Spanish settlement. They won, keeping the Spanish out from 1680-1692. Diego de Vargas successfully led a campaign to reclaim NM for New Spain in 1692 from the Pueblo and their leader Pope. Even though New Spain officially quelled the Pueblo revolution, there was bitterness and fighting until the beginning of the 1700s until Diego de Vargas died (1704). After his death, NM slowly became more colonized and controlled.
In 1803 the U.S. made the Louisiana Purchase from France. The northeast corner of NM was included in that purchase.
In 1821 New Spain won their independence from Spain and changed their name to Mexico. NM was part of the territory that Mexico controlled.
In 1848 America gained land in the southeast after winning the Mexican-American War.
Upon winning its independence from Mexico, Texas claimed a considerable portion of eastern NM, but for $10 million they gave up the claim.
Way before Mexico
Nuevo Mexico they called us this
When in the 1500s Spanish searched for gold
In this Land of Enchantment – hey hey hey
Part of New Spain, then Mexico, then the U.S.
The 47th state, New Mexico made the list
(In 1912, yeah New Mexico made the list)
Explanation of the Chorus:
New Mexico got its name 223 years before New Spain changed its name to Mexico.
In the mid 1500s, Spanish Explorers thought that the NM area contained wealth similar to the Aztec (Mexica) Empire. Therefore, they called the land “Nuevo Mexico”
NM’s nickname is the “Land of Enchantment”
NM has been controlled by New Spain, Mexico, and the U.S.
NM was the 47th state to be admitted into the U.S. They “made the list” because they were required to drop a dispute with Texas over the ownership of land. In 1912 NM was second to last contiguous state to be admitted in the U.S.
The Sangre de Cristos run north to south
A southern part of the Rocky Mountains with the Rio Grande about
Arid desert around Roswell and Las Cruces
Travel north toward Santa Fe – see mountains, wilderness and forests
120,000 square miles of broken mesas
Go east from Albuquerque to the oasis
You’re in the high plains now with prairies and some grass
Great for agriculture or to start a cattle ranch
Explanation of the 2nd Verse:
The Sangre de Cristos Mountains run from the northwest corner of NM toward the middle center of the state. This range is the southernmost part of the Rocky Mountains.
The Rio Grande runs along the western side of the Sangre de Cristos range.
In the south of NM, there are deserts around areas like Roswell and Las Cruces.
As you head north toward cities like the capital (Santa Fe), you will find mountains, wilderness and forests.
NM is 121,412 square miles, much of which is desert land filled with broken mesas – large table-top-looking structures in the desert formed of rock and dirt.
Albuquerque is in the center of the state. If you travel southwest from Albuquerque, you end up on the eastern border in the Oasis State Park.
The eastern part of NM is in the high plains known for prairies and grasslands. This is the area in the U.S. best known for agriculture and cattle ranches.
Crescit Eundo, it grows as it goes
While the ancient sun symbol of the Zia unfurls
On the New Mexico flag when the roadrunner knows
To find shade under the pinyon tree
Where the white yucca grows
Explanation of the Bridge:
Come to Nuevo Mexico for travel or business
For Native American imagery, crude old, and federal spending missions
You’ll find air force bases, ranges and secret labs
We test our latest innovations out in the White Sands
Explanation of the 3rd Verse: