Bracero program | Wikipedia audio article

Bracero program | Wikipedia audio article



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This is an audio version of the Wikipedia Article:

00:01:11 1 Introduction
00:03:51 2 1951 negotiations to termination
00:11:42 2.1 Notable strikes
00:15:34 2.2 Strike of 1943
00:18:38 2.3 Reasons for discontent amongst braceros
00:23:05 2.4 Reasons for bracero strikes in the Northwest
00:28:16 3 Aftermath
00:29:19 4 Significance and effects
00:35:01 5 In popular culture
00:36:36 6 Exhibitions and collections
00:38:12 7 See also
00:38:27 8 Footnotes
00:38:36 9 Bibliography
00:42:04 10 External links

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Voice name: en-US-Wavenet-A

“I cannot teach anybody anything, I can only make them think.”
– Socrates

SUMMARY
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The Bracero Program (from the Spanish term bracero, meaning “manual laborer” or “one who works using his arms”) was a series of laws and diplomatic agreements, initiated on August 4, 1942, when the United States signed the Mexican Farm Labor Agreement with Mexico. The agreement guaranteed decent living conditions (sanitation, adequate shelter and food) and a minimum wage of 30 cents an hour; it also allowed the importation of contract laborers from Guam as a temporary measure during the early phases of World War II.The agreement was extended with the Migrant Labor Agreement of 1951, enacted as an amendment to the Agricultural Act of 1949 (Public Law 78) by Congress, which set the official parameters for the bracero program until its termination in 1964.

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